The Sun Bear
The sun bear (Ursidae Helarctos malayanus) is also one of the rarest. The sun bear’s name is derived from the golden colored crescent shaped patch of fur on its chest. It is also known as the honey bear because of its extreme fondness of honey, the dog bear because of its size, and the Malay bear for its geographical location. The sun bear is found primarily in the rainforests of Southeast Asia and is believed to be in the following countries: India, Bangladesh, Myanmar (formerly Burma), Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, and Laos. Laos is thought to be one of the last strongholds for the sun bear because of its rugged terrain, scarcity of human population, and abundance of forested area. The sun bear used to inhabit China. However, that is now thought to be doubtful. The one subspecies of sun bear is found only on the island of Borneo. The size of the sun bear’s territory depends a lot on the concentration of food sources. They spend a good portion of the day sleeping and sunbathing in nests or platforms that they build in trees.